The CitySquare project area is located on the site of the former Worcester Galleria. Prior to the construction of the Galleria, this area of Downtown was composed of walkable city-blocks with active street level retail and small businesses. The vast majority of the businesses at the time were locally owned and operated and the buildings were "human scale" with lower heights and smaller widths with multiple buildings fronting each street block.
In June of 1969, the WRA and City of Worcester celebrated the groundbreaking of the Worcester Galleria. Upon completion, this $127 million project consisted of a twenty-story office tower, eight-story office building, an enclosed galleria and mall area with 1 million square feet of retail space, and more than 4,300 enclosed parking spaces, on a thirty-four acre site. This project effectively cut off the Central Business District and Downtown from Washington Square, Shrewsbury Street, and the Canal District, creating a major impediment to future development.
Since 2010, the City of Worcester has been diligently working with CitySquare II Development Co. LLC (Opus/Leggat) to once again transform the downtown landscape. In addition to completing the abatement and demolition of the mall and portions of the adjacent parking garage, a new roadway network was constructed re-creating the east-west connection through the downtown.
Representing the first new building at CitySquare, Unum (Paul Revere Life Insurance) opened a $70 million, 214,000 square foot office building and renovated 860-car parking garage in 2012. Other investment in the project area included an expansion of the Saint Vincent Hospital Cancer and Wellness Center, the Worcester Common Garage, 145 Front Street residential apartments with a dedicated parking structure, and approximately 13,000 square feet of ground floor retail. The new full-service 168 room AC Hotel by Marriott officially opened in 2018 along with the adjacent 110-Grill.
Due to the success of these investments, a private developer purchased the remaining buildings in the CitySquare project area, known as Mercantile Center. Mercantile Center is a 640,000-square-foot office and retail complex composed of two best-in-class office towers at 100 and 120 Front Street, three commercial/retail spaces at 90/110 Front Street and a 1,647 space structured parking garage. Mercantile Center is home to the The Mercantile Rooftop Bar & Restaurant, a UMass Memorial Healthcare office, the Worcester Telegram & Gazette and other office and retail tenants.
Since project start, a roughly $90 million public investment has generated $298 million in private development at the CitySquare project site. This private investment is expected to increase with the development of the parcel above the parking garage.