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Circulatory: Cerebrovascular Disease

Cerebrovascular Disease is the general term for a brain dysfunction caused by an abnormality of the cerebral (brain) blood supply. The most common example is a stroke, which occurs when the blood supply to the brain is blocked or when a blood vessel in the brain ruptures, causing brain tissue to die.

Stroke is the fourth leading cause of death in the United States and is a major cause of adult disability. About 800,000 people in the United States have a stroke each year. One American dies from a stroke every 4 minutes, on average.

Age-Adjusted Cerebrovascular Disease Hospitalization Rate

Worcester
262 per 100,000
State National
225 per 100,000 N/A
Source: MassCHIP, 2011

Why this is important:

A stroke can occur at any time, in anyone. Risk factors for stroke include diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, genetics and age. You can help prevent a stroke by eating a healthy diet, getting regular exercise, not smoking and limiting alcohol.

 

Age-Adjusted Cerebrovascular Disease Mortality Rate

Worcester
28 per 100,000
State National
31 per 100,000 N/A
Source: MassCHIP, 2010

Why this is important:

Fast treatment is key to reducing the risk of death from a stroke if one occurs. Call 911 immediately if you have any of these symptoms: numbness or weakness especially on one side of the body, confusion, trouble speaking, sudden vision problems dizziness, loss of balance, sudden severe headache.

 

Self-Reported Cerebrovascular Disease Rate

Worcester
2.6%
State National
3.2% N/A
Source: MassCHIP, 2010

Why this is important:

This value is estimated using data collected by the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. Some people can have mini-strokes, known as transient ischemic attacks, which can recur and increase the risk for a major stroke.

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