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Respiratory: Asthma

Asthma is a disease that affects the lungs. It is one of the most common long-term diseases of children. Asthma causes repeated episodes of wheezing, breathlessness, chest tightness and nighttime or early morning coughing. If your child has asthma, he or she has it all the time, but he or she will have asthma attacks only when something bothers his or her lungs. An asthma attack can occur when someone with asthma is exposed to things in the environment, such as house dust mites and tobacco smoke.

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Age-Adjusted Acute Asthma Emergency Visits

Worcester
862 per 100,000
State National
563 per 100,000 N/A
Source: MassCHIP, 2011

Why this is important:

Asthma attacks can be life threatening and represent a significant burden to the healthcare system. However, the frequency of incidents can be greatly reduced by following an asthma control plan prepared by your doctor. Worcester DPH is working with community partners to develop programs to help children improve control of their asthma and reduce emergency department visits.

Age-Adjusted Asthma-Related Emergency Visits

Worcester
3,519 per 100,000
State National
1,500 per 100,000 N/A
Source: MassCHIP, 2011

Why this is important:

Triggers for asthma can include mold, tobacco smoke, outdoor air pollution, and infections linked to influenza, colds, and other viruses. Avoiding these triggers, along with using inhaled corticosteroids and other medicines, are the keys to preventing an asthma attack. Visit CDC's National Asthma Control Program site to learn more about asthma and how you can manage it.
http://www.cdc.gov/asthma/helping_people.htm

Age-Adjusted Acute Asthma Hospitalization Rate

Worcester
220 per 100,000
State National
152 per 100,000 N/A
Source: MassCHIP, 2011

Why this is important:

Asthma attacks can be life threatening and represent a significant burden to the healthcare system. However, the frequency of incidents can be greatly reduced by following an asthma control plan prepared by your doctor. Worcester DPH is working with community partners to develop programs to help children improve control of their asthma and reduce asthma-related hospitalizations.

Age-Adjusted Asthma-Related Hospitalization Rate

Worcester
1,467 per 100,000
State National
956 per 100,000 N/A
Source: MassCHIP, 2011

Why this is important:

Control your asthma and avoid an attack by taking your medicine exactly as your doctor tells you and by staying away from things that can trigger an attack. With your healthcare provider's help, make your own asthma action plan. Decide who should have a copy of your plan and where he or she should keep it. Take your long-term control medicine even when you don't have symptoms.
http://www.cdc.gov/asthma/faqs.htm

Age-Adjusted Asthma Mortality Rate

Worcester
1.42 per 100,000
State National
0.64 per 100,000 N/A
Source: MassCHIP, 2010

Why this is important:

Although extremely rare, death from acute asthma do happen. Fast treatment is important in reducing the risk of death during an acute asthma event. Be sure to keep rescue inhalers easily accessible and use as directed by your doctor. Worcester DPH is working with community partners to develop programs to help children improve control of their asthma prevent asthma-related deaths.

Self-Reported Currently Have Asthma

Worcester
11.3%
State National
10.7% N/A
Source: MassCHIP, 2011

Why this is important:

This value is estimated based on the data collected by the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. Asthma is extremely common in the US among both children and adults. While the exact cause of asthma is unknown, it has been linked to smoking, obesity, age and ethnicity.

Self-Reported Lifetime History of Asthma

Worcester
15.3%
State National
15.3% N/A
Source: MassCHIP, 2011

Why this is important:

This value is estimated based on the data collected by the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. Asthma is extremely common in the US among both children and adults. While the exact cause of asthma is unknown, it has been linked to smoking, obesity, age and ethnicity.

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